2019WinterTeam2

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Team 2 attempted to achieve object avoidance by incoorporating a 360° RPLIdar along with the camera, and controlling their operation using ROS (Robot Operating System).

2019team2car.jpeg

Introduction

Welcome to team2 ECE148 Wiki page. In this class, we build and utilized a remote-controlled car. In this page, we will cover the details behind the design of the RC car and demonstrate results. The goal in this class was to perform the following tasks:

  • Autonomously drive on an indoor track
  • Autonomously drive on an outdoor track
  • Obstacle avoidance using RPLidar and ROS

Team Members

  • Chen Du (ECE grad)
  • Jingying Chen (MAE undergrad)
  • Marshall Garcia (MAE undergrad)
  • Tina Kafel (ECE undergrad)

RC Car details

  • RC Car hardware:
  • RC Car software:

ROS Project

  • ROS [ROS Wiki]
    • The ROS Wiki explains ROS in great details. Here is a sum of the content learned from this webpage for the project.
Basic Commands in ROS
ROS Command Description
rospack find <package name>
roscd <package name>
rosls <package name>
roscore
rosnode list
rosnode info
rosrun <name of package> <name of node>
rosnode ping <name of the node>
rostopic list
rostopic pub
rosservice list
rosservice call
  • RPLidar
What is an RPLidar? Lidar is a device that measures the distance to a target by sending pulsed laser beams and receiving the reflected beams with a sensor. The accuracy of lidar is higher than other sensors of similar nature, such as an IR sensor or an ultrasonic sensor. An RPLidar is a 360-degree 2D lidar.
What are the different types of RPLiDAR?
  • The RPLidar used in our project is the A1M8 12M range model. A1M8 is based on laser triangulation ranging principle and uses high-speed version acquisition and processing hardware. This system measures distance data more than 8000 times per second.
  • The other model
  • The other other model
  • ROS and RPLidar
Upon every connection to a USB port, sudo permission to access the serial port for the lidar must be granted. In the Linux operating system, the command to list the responsible port and granting permission would be the following:
ls -l /dev |grep ttyUSB#lists the port connected to the LiDAR
sudo chmod 666 /dev/ttyUSB0#grants permission to write to USB0
To test the RPLiDAR within ROS, we can run the rplidar node and view the realtime readings and mappings:
roslaunch rplidar_ros view_rplidar.launch